Calcium phosphate

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Calcium phosphate

Calcium Phosphate nanowires seen in SEM
EC Number
  • 233-283-6
E number E341 (antioxidants, ...)
Molar mass 310.18 g/mol
Appearance White Solid
Odor Odorless
Density 3.14 g/cu cm[1]
Melting point 1,670 °C (3,040 °F; 1,940 K)[1]
Practically insoluble with water
Solubility in Ethanol Insoluble with ethanol (also acetic acid)
GHS labelling:
GHS07: Exclamation mark
H315, H319, H335
P101, P102, P103, P261, P264, P270, P271, P280, P302+P352, P304+P340, P305+P351+P338
NFPA 704 (fire diamond)
NFPA 704 four-colored diamondHealth 2: Intense or continued but not chronic exposure could cause temporary incapacitation or possible residual injury. E.g. chloroformFlammability 0: Will not burn. E.g. waterInstability 1: Normally stable, but can become unstable at elevated temperatures and pressures. E.g. calciumSpecial hazards (white): no code
Flash point Non-flammable
Safety data sheet (SDS)
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).

The term calcium phosphate refers to a family of materials and minerals containing calcium ions (Ca2+) together with inorganic phosphate anions. Some so-called calcium phosphates contain oxide and hydroxide as well. Calcium phosphates are white solids of nutritional value[2] and are found in many living organisms, e.g., bone mineral and tooth enamel.[3] In milk, it exists in a colloidal form in micelles bound to casein protein with magnesium, zinc, and citrate–collectively referred to as colloidal calcium phosphate (CCP).[4] Various calcium phosphate minerals are used in the production of phosphoric acid and fertilizers. Overuse of certain forms of calcium phosphate can lead to nutrient-containing surface runoff and subsequent adverse effects upon receiving waters such as algal blooms and eutrophication (over-enrichment with nutrients and minerals).[citation needed]

Orthophosphates, di- and monohydrogen phosphates[edit]

These materials contain Ca2+ combined with PO3−
, HPO2−
, or H

Di- and polyphosphates[edit]

These materials contain Ca2+ combined with the polyphosphates, such as P
and triphosphate P

Hydroxy- and oxo-phosphates[edit]

These materials contain other anions in addition to phosphate:[citation needed]

Urine stones[edit]

Urine crystals comparison, with calcium phosphate crystal depicted at top center.

Calcium phosphate stones account for approximately 15% of kidney stone disease. Calcium phosphate stones tend to grow in alkaline urine, especially when Proteus bacteria are present. It is the most common type in pregnant women.[5]


  1. ^ a b "Calcium Phosphate".
  2. ^ Klaus Schrödter; Gerhard Bettermann; Thomas Staffel; Friedrich Wahl; Thomas Klein; Thomas Hofmann (2008). "Phosphoric Acid and Phosphates". Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry. Ullmann’s Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry. Weinheim: Wiley-VCH. doi:10.1002/14356007.a19_465.pub3. ISBN 978-3527306732. S2CID 94458523.
  3. ^ "What Substances Make Up Your Teeth? – Affordable Dental Care". 2015-07-15. Retrieved 2021-01-29.
  4. ^ A. Y. Tamime, ed. (2006). Brined cheeses - The Society of Dairy Technology (SDT). Wiley-Blackwell. ISBN 978-1-4051-2460-7.
  5. ^ Frassetto L, Kohlstadt I (2011). "Treatment and prevention of kidney stones: an update". Am Fam Physician. 84 (11): 1234–42. PMID 22150656.